Pando Bolivia is a department of Bolivia and is located on the North of the country, between the departments of Beni and La Paz. It is totally covered in jungle, very populated, and is the smallest of the 9 departments in Bolivia. Its pre-Colombian history is practically unknown, aside from the names of its original indigenous inhabitants. Because of its characteristics, no civilization prospered more than another one in this region. And the only human settlements were wooden huts made out of fiber built along with banks of rivers or in the clearing of dense rain forests.
Because of the simplicity of their lifestyle being gatherers and hunters, little has been known of their origins and to make matters even harder for archeologists and anthropologists, they have used mostly biodegradable tools that are made from natural materials that disappeared over time. Meaning the people of Pando did not left any clothing, headdresses, or pottery, nothing that can be used to date their origins. Together with Beni, this department had been the center of rubber exports since year 1920, which is ceased very soon after its creation. The natural rubber, which was being amply required for the automotive industry. Natural rubber was very expensive at that time, and it soon became the 2nd largest exported product in Bolivia after tin and many lots of men very wealthy. Nevertheless, when the World War II started, the cost of the rubber in Pando fallen steeply, as it was very complicated to export rubber from this country to Brazil since Bolivia is a landlocked country. Aound this time the United States started to produce synthetic rubber from the derivate of petroleum, which is still used today, and the prosperity of this department greatly declined, together with its population. Through the years, Pando has become impoverished, and is still in the present days. Currently, the primary sources of income of this department are exclusively from gold mining, timber, Brazil nuts, and rubber extraction. Some other economic activities like cattle ranching and agriculture are mostly done at the subsistence level.
Furthermore, because the department is not located along the habitual routes of tourism, it doesn’t perceive that much income from this either, aside from several incomes from the ecotourism. It has very little tourist infrastructure because its a thick jungle that is riddled with rivers, suffering from continuous flooding, and has few roads. Without a doubt, Pando is the least populated and least visited department in Bolivia. Cobija, its capital, has barely 61 thousand inhabitants, and it is hard to reach the city as flights are expensive and the highway connecting the department with other cities are inadequate. This department holds significant archeological riches, especially from the Chichinas and Moxos like their outstanding hydraulic structures. These cultures have been characterized by their lifestyle in complete harmony with the environment.