Chuquisaca is a city located in southern Bolivia and is one of the nine government departments of the country. The capital of this department is Sucre which is also the capital of Bolivia. It was primarily inhabited by the indigenous people who used to be called the “Charcas”. Just like the valley and the Western people, they were colonized by the Tawantisuyo warriors. The colonization took place during the fourteenth century. Due to the colonization, they are still speaking the Quechua dialect today even though they are not descendants of the Incas. With the archaeological excavations in this city of Sucre, more and more facts are being discovered about this prehistoric region.
Fossils were also discovered in this area, specifically at Cal Orcko, and also human settlements that dated back to 10,000 BC. The Charcas are also known as the “Mojocayas” and “Yamparas” who inhabited the northern and central areas of Sucre.
Short History of Chuquisaca
This city is a part of the territory that was under the command of Diego de Almagro. This was right after the conquest of Peru, and when the territories were divided up. When Almagro was defeated, Francisco Pizarro sent one of his brothers to colonize the area. It was Gonzalo Pizzaro who explored Chuquisaca. He noticed that the valley was dry with temperate climate and undulating hills. This area was mainly inhabited by different indigenous tribes, the natives however did not welcome him, and city ended up going through a revolutionary period. Likewise, the most memorable event that shook this department was the Chaco War. The Chaco war lasted from 1932-1935, and took place in the same region shared by Santa Cruz and Tarija. Even though the war was fought in the territory of Tarijeno, the city’s regiments intervene. The intervention proved to be very valuable as they adapted to the harsh conditions of the desert. The desert is where all the battles took place. Even the Monteagudo natives and Luis Calvo natives participated in the battles. The war was lost in the year 1935, in fact, Bolivia lost a big portion of its land. But at least Bolivia had not lost the department of Chuquisaca, which is known for having big oil wells, that are the present source of income for the department, also 4 citys had joined the governments departments; Tarija, Santa Cruz, Beni and Pando. Their goal was for each state to become autonomous.
Savina Cuellar became the first ever indigenous woman to be elected governor of the department. She came from the Quechua descent and became a great part of the history of Bolivia. Through a national referendum, the autonomous department government model was adopted. Later on, new statuses were approved by this city as part of the newly-established autonomous department. When the term of Savina Cuellar was finally over, a governor named Urquizo was elected. Apart from mining, agriculture and handcrafts, it is interesting to note that this city receives a huge amount of its income from its students. Multitudes of students enter the region and enroll in its famous university(s). In fact, Sucre is known to be a tourist and university city. Apart from its interesting history, this city presents some of the popular destinations and places to stay for tourists. Among the top rated places to visit are; the Church of San Felipe Neri and the House of Liberty Muesum. There were also top-rated department restaurants in this city such as the Condor Café, Abis Patio and Goblin Cerveza Artesanal. Surely, you’ll find alot of interesting things to do in this city!