What is the capital of Bolivia?
You’d be surprised how many people still get this wrong!
What is the Capital of Bolivia? Why does Bolivia have two capital cities?
Well, it all happened centuries ago when the Spanish arrived to colonize the Americas they decided to divide the continent into what was known as viceroyalties, large territories, each one was governed by a viceroy (a person appointed to rule a province or country as the deputy of the sovereign).
Bolivia was once a part of the viceroyalty of Alto Peru, it was made up of the countries that are now known as Bolivia, Peru, and Chile.
This changed after Bolivia gained its independence on August 6th 1825, and was founded as a “Republic in the city of Sucre,” in Chuquisaca. Sucre was than established as Bolivia’s capital city. Around this time Bolivia’s main income came from the tin and silver mining in Potosi.
What is the capital of Bolivia? Sucre!
A lot of the tin miners lived in La Paz while many silver mine owners resided in Sucre, although tin mining was a relatively new industry, 70 years later it was generating more income than silver mining.
During its first few decades as a sovereign nation this country experienced a lot of power struggles.
For example, the Conservative Party and Liberal Party struggled for political power in 1899, as the tin mine owners supported the Liberal Party, and Sucre’s largest landowners and silver mine owners supported the Conservative Party.
In the end the Liberals won against the Conservatives and decided Bolivia’s seat of government would be moved to La Paz.
But after reaching an agreement it was decided that Sucre would become the judicial branch and La Paz, the seat of the executive and legislative branch of Bolivia’s government.
This means Sucre is the capital of Bolivia, not La Paz which is the seat of two branches of its country’s government.
But of the two cities La Paz benefits the most because of international publicity and tourism which in return leads to city maintenance, events, and of course more money for the city of La Paz.
This is why in 2005 there were protests to try and return all three government branches to Bolivia’s capital, since this would improve Sucre economy but at the same time damage La Paz’s.
And after years of violent protests and confrontations, Evo Morales who became the president of Bolivia in 2005 and his political party the “Movement Toward Socialism” or “Movimiento al Socialismo” (M.A.S) for its abbreviations in Spanish.
Morales drafted a new constitution in an attempt to end the protest’s that had divided the country for years, the new constitution clearly states that Sucre remains the one and only capital of Bolivia and La Paz is the seat of government.