Welcome to the short (but interesting!) version of Bolivia history, here we have gathered all the important facts, dates and events of this majestic country’s history! The Bolivian people were civilized hundreds of years prior to the Spaniards arrival. The history dates back to the discovery of Tiwanaku city which has later turned into Bolivia about 400 BC. The Ancient Bolivia features it’s people’s expertise in architecture and mining. From 700 AD onward, Tiahuanaco ruled a remarkable empire both in Bolivia and Southern Peru. But in 1,000 AD, the empire had been replaced by smaller states/departments. From the 15th through the 17th century, Bolivia was inhabitated by the Incas, and later it was conquered by the Spanish in 1533.
History of Bolivia
The Colonia era culminates the establishment of cities including Chuquisaca in 1538, La Paz in 1548, Cochabamba in 1571 and Oruro in 1606. Also, during this era, many Indian people suffered from oppression because they were forced to work in the mines, causing many to die. The burning quest to overthrow the Spanish rule and revamp the Inca Empire had not been so successful due to lack of unity. As such, they were not able to capture La Paz, and in 1782, the Great Rebellion was put to an end.
The end of the Great rebellion gave birth to another quest in 1809. Surprisingly, the leader of this rebellion group was a righteous Spanish. With enforced team and strategic planning and also with the help of the South Americans, La Paz was regained and declared independent in 1809. The newly sprung nation was named in honor of Simon Bolivar- the independence movement hero. Unfortunately, the new Bolivia was experiencing another dilemma, economic depression, because it’s silver mines had been exhausted by the Spanish. Thankfully, with General Sucre, Bolivia’s first president followed by Marshal Andres de Santa Cruz, a double leap of effort had been established. By the late 19th century, Bolivia’s silver industry had regained its reputation credited to Chile and Britain along with the embrace of new technology.
20th century Bolivia
The Bolivian people experienced military dictatorship for the next 18 years after that. It was in the 1980s when the nation had endured anoher economic downturn. Moreover, there were also mass demonstrations, and in 1982 the Republic of Bolivia had been entrusted to Hernando Siles Zuazo.
21st Century Bolivia
From 1999 until 2003, the economy of Bolivia had once again recovered from the previous years of economic downfall. In 2005, plans for the nation’s industrialization had been the limelight of the then newly elected President Evo Morales.