The Bolivia Government is known for its democratically elected government, in Bolivia the president is both head of the government and the head of the state. This is described in the constitution as the “Social Unitarian State.” When the democratic elections happened in 1982, the civilian government finally returned to power after the military had ruled the country for eighteen years.
Bolivia Government Building
Here are some important facts about the Bolivian Government:
- The Bolivia government was at its turbulent state during the twentieth century
- The indigenous president of the country was first elected in the year of 2005
- It was in the year of 2009 that the new constitution came into effect
- The April Revolution took place in 1952
History of the Bolivian Government
The military government started to manifest after the 1951 elections as it defeated the “Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario”. With the military a coup, they blocked the party from completely taking over the office, and ultimately led to what was later known as the April Revolution in 1952. And for the past twelve years, the government retained its power until it was removed from power by a military coup in the year of 1964.
The military coup was led by none other than Barrientos as the vice-president general. However, Barrientos did not make it to power as he died because of a helicopter crash in the year 1969. Hugo Banzer Suarez finally took power in 1971 and his presidency was characterized by human rights abuse and violence. Failed inactivity and elections were all rampant in the seventies. Between the period of 1978 and 1982, there were 10 different Bolivian presidents. Corruption and brutality also rose during this period including disappearances, murders and arrests. The Congress elected Hernan Siles Zuazo as the civilian leader in the year of 1982. However, his presidency was actually overshadowed by a lot of disputes.
The disputes were all entirely focused on the government spending, labor and uncontrollable inflation rate. He resigned and Victor Paz Estenssoro took over the position. The presidents elected during the years of 1989 – 2005 were almost seven. It was in 1989 that the elections were finally free from any military intervention. As per the 1993 election, Sanchez de Lozada was elected as opposed to Banzer Suarez. They relied on the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund for their election campaigns. In 2002, Lozada won the presidency for the second time around over his opponent named Evo Morales. He resigned in 2003 being the mastermind of the proposals of exporting natural gas in Chile. Carlos Mesa took over his position but as many presidents before him, his term was also controversial, he later resigned in 2005. The first indigenous president was none other than Evo Morales. He also took over the presidency in the same year. He became the first ever left-wing leader during the presidency of Jaime Paz Zamora.
From 2005 until the present, it was noticed that the presidency of Morales put forth an extraordinary change. This was best emphasized on the indigenous natives. In 2009, a newly-established constitution was propagated. And as per the new document, it clearly allowed the complete control of the state’s natural resources. The state and the church were also separated while there were restrictions on the foreign ownership. The legal systems in the indigenous tribes were also made to be equal. The GDP growth rate of the country drifts at about 5 percent. The power is also shared by the judiciary, the legislative and the executive.